U. Nobile

The Geographical Series: Exploration of the Russian Arctic

"The obverse"
"The reverse"

The obverse

in the center — the Emblem of the Bank of Russia (the two-headed eagle designed by I.Bilibin), the letters under it indicate the metal sign, the fineness, the mint trademark and the fine metal content. The inscriptions along the rim framed by a circle of dots: at the top — «100 РУБЛЕЙ 1995 г.» (100 RUBLES 1995), at the bottom — «БАНК РОССИИ» (BANK OF RUSSIA) ,

The reverse

in the centre - the icebreaker "Krasin", to the right - a group of people and a tent on an ice-floe, below - the date "1928 г.", the inscriptions along the rim: at the top — «ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ РУССКОЙ АРКТИКИ" (EXPLORATION OF RUSSIAN ARCTIC), at the bottom - "СПАСЕНИЕ ЭКСПЕДИЦИИ НОБИЛЕ" (THE RESCUE OF NOBILE'S EXPEDITION).

Authors

The artist: A.V. Baklanov
The sculptor: L.S. Kamshilov
St. Petersburg Mint (ЛМД)
The edge: 240 corrugations

The Arctic, or the Northern polar part of the Earth, has attracted courageous seafarers and naturalists from time immemorial, but its intense exploration began in the late nineteenth century. Important oceanological observations were made by Fridtjof Nansen's expedition of Norwegian North Pole explorers on the sailing ship Fram (1893-1896) and the expedition of Roald Amundsen on the ship Mod (1918-1920). In 1926 the latter directed the first ever flight from Spitsbergen to America via the North Pole on the dirigible Norway. The commander of the airship was the Italian engineer Umberto Nobile. In 1928 Nobile led the Italian expedition to the North Pole on the dirigible Italia, which broke and crashed. The Russian icebreaker Krasin took part in the expedition to rescue Nobile and his team. In 1933 the Russians made an attempt to sail from Murmansk to Vladivostok along the North Sea Route within one navigation period on board the steamship Chelyuskin (named after the 18th-century Russian North Pole explorer Semyon Chelyuskin), but in February 1934 the ship was crushed by the ice in the Chuckchee Sea and the participants in the expedition were rescued by aircraft. In 1937 Russia set up the first drifting research station, North Pole-1, in the North Pole, on which Ivan Papanin, Yevgeny Fedorov, Petr Shirshov and Ernst Krenkel worked. In 1937 Russian pilots Valery Chkalov, Georgy Baidukov and Alexander Belyakov made a non-stop flight from Moscow to Vancouver through the North Pole.

Denomination 100 rubles
Quality Proof
Metal, fineness Gold 900/1000
Total weight, G 17,45 (±0,17)
Fine metal
content not less than, G
15,55
Diameter, mm 30,00 (-0,25)
Thickness, mm 1,70 (±0,20)
Mintage, pcs 2500

Date of issue: 07/12/1995
Catalogue number: 5217-0011

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